Who Should be Tested for STDs and How Frequently?

The term STD is short for sexually transmitted disease. It’s an infection or disease that’s transferred from person to person during sexual contact. You may also hear it referred to as a venereal disease or sexually transmitted infection (STI).

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that there will be 20 million new cases of STDs this year. That brings the national prevalence to 110 million infections.

Common STDs

In Niles, Illinois, the medical team at the offices of Kirill Zhadovich, MD and Alex Kostiv, MD offers discreet and thorough testing, as well as treatment for common STDs, including:

  • Chlamydia
  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Genital herpes
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Human immunodeficiency virus, HIV
  • Human papillomavirus, HPV
  • Trichomoniasis

Dr. Zhadovich and Dr. Kostiv talk with you about your risks to determine exactly which STD tests you need. Most STDs can be detected with a urine or blood test.

Symptoms of STDs

Some STDs, such as HPV, the most common of all STDs, don’t cause any symptoms. However, others have several telltale symptoms near your genitals, such as:

  • Swelling 
  • Redness
  • Bumps
  • Sores
  • Warts
  • Discharge

as well as systemic symptoms, such as:

  • Aches
  • Pains
  • Fever
  • Chills

In some cases, you may also have sudden, unexplained weight loss.

Problems if left untreated

Without treatment, an STD can cause a number of serious health concerns, such as:

  • Organ damage
  • Infertility
  • Cancer
  • Blindness
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Chronic pain
  • Perinatal infections
  • Ectopic pregnancy

In severe cases, an STD can even lead to death.

STD testing: Who and when?

If you’re sexually active now or have been in the past, Dr. Zhadovich and Dr. Kostiv recommend that you come in for confidential testing. Because STDs don’t always have symptoms, testing is the only way to determine if you have one. 

It’s important to get tested:

  • At the beginning of a new relationship
  • When you have more than one partner
  • When your partner has more than one partner
  • When you don’t use a condom or dental dam or you’re considering not using a condom or dental dam
  • When you’re pregnant or planning to get pregnant

While STD testing is a topic we bring up during your health check ups, it’s not an automatic service. To protect yourself and your partner, proactive testing is your best bet. Talk to our team about your lifestyle, so we can understand your risk factors and help you determine how often you should be tested. 

For discreet STD testing or treatment for your symptoms, call the office at 847-920-4612 or fill out our online form. We look forward to helping you protect your health for many years to come.

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